Safety Risks to Lithium-Ion Battery Fires in Electric Vehicles Transportation

Li-ion battery fires pose a challenge in terms of fire suppression and can even create chain reactions leading to violent releases of energy and toxic gas. There is also a risk of vapour cloud explosions, which can be even more damaging than fires. Li-ion batteries can continue to burn and generate heat even after fire-extinction and present a risk of re-ignition. Recently, members of the Cargo Incident Notification System (CINS) shipping line, in collaboration with various industry experts, published a set of guidelines for the safe carriage of Lithium-ion batteries in containers.

These guidelines were developed in association with the International Group of P&I Clubs (IG) and the International Cargo Handling Coordination Association (ICHCA), and also received input from relevant experts in the field.

Uploading: CSAR-101A_Lithium-Ion-Batteries-Guidelines-24-March-2023.pdf…


Also, EMSA has collected passenger car registration data in the EU per fuel type as shown in the following figure.

Main Risks in relation to alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs)

  • Liquid fuels (diesel, gasoline or ethanol): Fuel tank integrity loss
  • Liquefied fuels (LPG, LNG, liquefied DME)
  • Increase fire size and fire propagation
  • Gas leak
  • Compressed gas
    o CNG/CBG
    o Hydrogen (compressed or in fuel cells)
  • Batteries